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Urgent! Volunteers Needed!

We need volunteer teachers in these areas:
Mathematics (Junior and Senior Secondary Classes).
Economics (same as above)
French (same as above)
Business Studies (same as above)
School: OCAC College, Kpaduma 1(Asokoro Extension), Abuja.

General info: The school was set up to give hope for a better future to children that otherwise would have ended up as sex workers, under aged mothers, druggies, touts for hire……. It is our community service project. Where we serve is filled with people struggling to get by.
We run tests so those who score above 70 are admitted on a scholarship. Their termly academic performance keeps them under the scheme and this has largely been successful.
We heavily depend on donations and volunteers to function.

We need your help.

Collins Nwosu

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The Nigerian Drug Abuse

The abuse of drugs among youth has become a disturbing trend in Nigeria. This recently led to the federal government’s ban on codeine as an active pharmaceutical ingredient for making cough syrup.

There is little information on how many drug users there are in Nigeria. The abuse of prescription drugs is so rampant and has gone beyond codeine. The ban on codeine-related drugs might only spur many youth to look for alternative drugs to satisfy their urge.

Some of the over-the-counter drugs which have been abused depending on the defined use include antibiotics, antidiarrhoeals, laxatives, pain-relieving drugs, sedatives, amphetamines and cannabis. The availability and possible medical needs of these other drugs indicate government must comprehensively review Nigeria’s drug policy rather than just ban one item.

PREMIUM TIMES lists some of the common generic drugs currently abused on the streets:

Tramadol
This is a pain killer now used as an ecstasy drug by youth in Nigeria. Tramadol is an opioid pain medication used to treat moderate to severe pain. It is meant to be prescribed by a physician, unfortunately, the drug has found its way to the streets.The pill comes in different milligrammes from 50 to 500. The recommended dose of tramadol is 50 to 100mg, with a maximum of 200mg in serve treatment cases. Anything above 200mg will cause a massive euphoric effect similar to what is gotten from taking marijuana, or other opiate medication, oxycodone etc..

Tramadol is used by some men to prevent quick ejaculation. One or two tablet of 500mg is believed by some to increase libido and staying in power when the male user wants to impress a woman. Side effect of tramadol when taken in high dosage include but is not limited to nausea, diarrohea, loss of appetite, dry mouth. Long term abuse can lead to convulsion, seizures, serious health damage, birth defects in pregnant women or even death.

Rohypnol
This is also known as Roko, Roofies, Roche, Renfol and has many other slangs. Rohypnol is meant to be a sold only after a physician’s prescription. The drug is a tranquiliser about ten times more potent than valium.

However, in Nigeria, the drug can be gotten both on the streets and over-the-counter without prescription. Rohypnol is used to treat severe insomnia and for anesthetic purposes. The drug is relatively cheap and gives the user a hazy feeling.The drug is often taken with alcoholic or assorted drinks. Addicts could sometimes crush the pill to be taken with marijuana or other herbs. This could also be injected. Rohypnol is nearly tasteless making it a pill of choice for drugging unsuspecting victims. The pill has a reputation of a “date-rape” drug because of its paralyzing effect.

The effects start 20-30 minutes after taking the drug, peaks within two hours and may persist for eight or even 12 hours.
A person can be so incapacitated (unable to act) that he or she collapses. The taker lies on the floor, eyes open, able to observe events but completely unable to move. Afterwards, memory is impaired and they cannot recall anything.The person also experiences loss of muscle control, confusion, drowsiness and amnesia.

Alabukun
This is a cheap pain killer which can be gotten from hawkers, street side vendors and drug store. The drug is usually hawked around pubs.
People swallowing Alabukun with alcohol have become a common sight not regarding the medical implication of doing so.
Alabukun is a locally produced analgesic in powder form. According to manufacturer of the drug, it is a combination of aspirin (Acetylsalicylic Acid -760mg) and Caffeine. Some Nigerians take it to neutralise alcohol or to treat hangover. Some mix it with cocaine and other substances that can be sniffed.

Aspirin
It is also known as Tylenol. It is an over-the-counter pain killer but also sold on the streets and by road-side hawkers. The drug, because of its chemical composition, has an ability to numb the muscles, emotional pains and sometimes creates an exciting effect to the user.

Most abusers use it to kill desperation, emotional trauma, and depression among others. To get an euphoric effect, the pills are usually taken with alcohol or coca-cola. Some crush the pills and mix with other substances for a ‘higher effect’.
Unfortunately, this drug when abused can become harmful to the body both physically and mentally. Abuse of Aspirin damages the liver and heart. The drug is not good for diabetic and hypertensive patients.

Valium
This is also known as diazepam. This is one of the drugs which is not meant to be sold without a doctor’s prescription. Valium unfortunately, is still being sold over the counter without prescription. It is also sold in the black market and can be found on the streets.
Valium is an addictive benzodiazepine with longer lasting effect than other drugs in its class.
The drug can be administered via oral injection or as a tablet. It can also be crushed, injected or mixed with other drugs. Valium affects the brain and produces fast euphoric high. Over time, it is hard for the abuser’s brain to function normally without the drug. The risk is often higher when Valium is combined with other drugs such as alcohol, opioids, among others.

http://reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/item/8502-codeine-ban-five-other-pharmaceutical-drugs-abused-by-nigerians/features

BREAKING NEGATIVE FAMILY PATTERNS!

What can’t God change

Image
(2Cor.5:17)

“You must know (recognize) that you were redeemed (ransomed) from the useless (fruitless) way of living inherited by tradition from [your] forefathers, not with corruptible things [such as] silver and gold, but [you were purchased] with the precious blood of Christ (the Messiah), like that of a [sacrificial] lamb without blemish or spot.” (1Peter 1:18-19 Amplified).

When humans fell in Eden, their spirit died, their soul and body became corrupt. They became united to the nature of satan. As a result, natural families began to generate negative patterns. Abraham lied that his wife was his sister and Isaac did the same, uninformed of his father’s action (Gen.20:2, 26:7). We also saw that Moses had anger issue, he murdered an Egyptian in his anger and also struck the rock he was supposed to only speak to (Num. 20:7-13). Moses came from the tribe of Levi and Jacob their father had…

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Q & A

Hello Shade,

My wife has been pestering me on this matter of Wills and I finally see reason with her. She has contacted our family lawyer, she wants us to combine assets and write a joint Will. The problem is I have assets she does not know about which I would like my siblings to inherit, since our children will be well catered for.

My siblings and my wife don’t get along too well and she’s not likely to welcome the idea of willing anything to them. I’m worried. Is there a way to bequest these assets without listing them? Does every asset have to be stated categorically in the Will? Is a joint Will even possible or advisable?

Roland, from Port Harcourt

***
Hello Roland,

Let me start by commending your wife’s futuristic attitude. You should appreciate her for insisting that you protect your assets in a Will. She wants the best for you and your children. You have raised a number of issues, I will attempt to tackle them one at a time.

First, a joint Will is one which is co-signed by two or more persons (usually a married couple), which combines their individual wishes. It may also be appropriate in a situation where you and your spouse own most of your assets jointly.

Is there a way to bequest these assets without listing them?
There are other ways of transferring assets without using a Will. A Trust may be used. A trust is an arrangement where an individual transfers what he owns to an independent person or entity for the benefit of identified persons or entities.

You can establish a Trust and transfer the assets you wish to transfer to your siblings to the Trust. You may name yourself and your siblings as the beneficiaries of the Trust and instruct that the assets in the Trust be transferred to your siblings by the Trustee upon your demise. Once those assets are in a Trust, there is no need to reflect them in your Will. A corporate Trustee such as ARM Trustees Limited can act as Trustee to the Trust and provide you with guidance on establishing it.

You may also consider gifting those assets to your siblings now so that they assume ownership immediately. This might not be an attractive option as you would immediately lose control of any such assets that you gift.

Does every asset have to be stated categorically in the Will?
Where another estate plan (such as a Trust) exists together with a Will, it is not necessary to mention the Trust assets in the Will because those assets and the beneficiaries are already catered for under the Trust.

There are other assets such as Life Insurance which you need not include in a Will as your beneficiaries would have been named in the policy document already.

Is a joint Will even possible or advisable?
Joint Wills are seldom used nowadays because of their likelihood of creating future problems. One of the biggest potential problems is that the surviving spouse would be unable to change the terms of the Will regardless of changes in situations after the death of his or her spouse. A typical example could be the inability of a surviving spouse to leave some of the assets of a Joint Will to his or her stepchild after remarriage.

Whatever option you choose eventually, writing a Will is not negotiable, especially with existing undertones of disagreement between your spouse and extended family. The assurance that everyone will be well catered for should the unexpected occur will give you unrivalled peace.

About Sade
Folashade has a wealth of experience in legal structuring, capital markets, and financing transactions. Her expertise also spans Private Trust, and other succession/estate planning alternatives.

Culled – bellanaija.com

Top of the morning people

February 21
Do You Really Love Him?
By Oswald Chambers

She has done a good work for Me. —Mark 14:6

If what we call love doesn’t take us beyond ourselves, it is not really love. If we have the idea that love is characterized as cautious, wise, sensible, shrewd, and never taken to extremes, we have missed the true meaning. This may describe affection and it may bring us a warm feeling, but it is not a true and accurate description of love.

Have you ever been driven to do something for God not because you felt that it was useful or your duty to do so, or that there was anything in it for you, but simply because you love Him? Have you ever realized that you can give things to God that are of value to Him? Or are you just sitting around daydreaming about the greatness of His redemption, while neglecting all the things you could be doing for Him? I’m not referring to works which could be regarded as divine and miraculous, but ordinary, simple human things— things which would be evidence to God that you are totally surrendered to Him. Have you ever created what Mary of Bethany created in the heart of the Lord Jesus? “She has done a good work for Me.”

There are times when it seems as if God watches to see if we will give Him even small gifts of surrender, just to show how genuine our love is for Him. To be surrendered to God is of more value than our personal holiness. Concern over our personal holiness causes us to focus our eyes on ourselves, and we become overly concerned about the way we walk and talk and look, out of fear of offending God. “…but perfect love casts out fear…” once we are surrendered to God (1 John 4:18). We should quit asking ourselves, “Am I of any use?” and accept the truth that we really are not of much use to Him. The issue is never of being of use, but of being of value to God Himself. Once we are totally surrendered to God, He will work through us all the time.

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WISDOM FROM OSWALD CHAMBERS

If a man cannot prove his religion in the valley, it is not worth anything.  Shade of His Hand, 1200 L

Bible in a Year: Numbers 1-3; Mark 3

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Ribavirin

Ribavirin has been assigned to pregnancy category X by the FDA. Nearly all animal studies have revealed evidence of embryolethality and teratogenicity. There are no controlled data in human pregnancies. One published case reports the uneventful use of ribavirin at 33 weeks gestation. Ribavirin therapy is contraindicated in women who are pregnant and in the male partners of women who are pregnant. Female patients receiving ribavirin and the partners of male patients receiving ribavirin must avoid pregnancy, using at least two reliable forms of contraception, during treatment and for 6 months after completion of treatment. To monitor maternal-fetal outcomes of pregnant women or female partners of male patients exposed to ribavirin, a Ribavirin Pregnancy Registry has been established. Healthcare providers are encouraged to register patients by calling 1-800-593-2214 (USA).

The manufacturer recommends the use of at least two reliable forms of effective contraception during treatment with ribavirin and during the 6 months after completion of treatment. A negative pregnancy test should be obtained immediately before the planned start of therapy. Health personnel and visitors who are pregnant or trying to become pregnant should also avoid contact with aerosolized ribavirin until more information is available. In one adverse drug report, 3 nurses who worked in the same intensive care unit gave birth to babies with ventricular septal defects. However, only one mother was possibly exposed to ribavirin 5 months prior to estimated conception. A specific causal relationship has not been established.

Ribavirin Breastfeeding Warnings
There are no data on the excretion of ribavirin into human milk. The manufacturer recommends that due to the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants, a decision should be made to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Other serious side effects

Most other side effects from ribavirin occur in the first few days or weeks of treatment, but they can also develop over time. Call your doctor right away if you have other serious side effects from ribavirin. These can include:

Eye problems

Ribavirin can cause eye problems such as trouble seeing, loss of vision, and macular edema (swelling in the eye). It can also cause bleeding in the retina and a very serious condition called detached retina.

Symptoms of eye problems can include:

blurry or wavy vision
floating specks that suddenly appear in your line of vision
flashes of light that appear in one or both eyes
seeing colors as pale or washed out
Call your doctor if any of these symptoms occur suddenly or seem to get worse.

Lung problems

Ribavirin can cause lung problems such as trouble breathing and pneumonia (infection of the lungs). It can also cause pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the lungs).

Symptoms of lung problems can include:

shortness of breath
fever
cough
chest pain
Call your doctor if any of these symptoms occur suddenly or seem to get worse. If you develop lung problems, your doctor may stop your treatment with this drug.

Pancreatitis

Ribavirin can cause pancreatitis, which is inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreas is an organ that makes substances that help with digestion.

Symptoms of pancreatitis can include:

chills
constipation
sudden and severe pain in your abdomen
Call your doctor right away if you have any of these symptoms. If you develop pancreatitis, your doctor will likely stop your treatment with this drug.

Mood changes

Ribavirin can cause mood changes, including depression. This can be a short-term or long-term side effect.

Symptoms can include feeling:

agitated
irritable
depressed
Call your doctor if you have these symptoms and they bother you or don’t go away.

Increased infections

Ribavirin raises your risk of infection from bacteria and viruses. Ribavirin can lower your body’s level of white blood cells. These cells fight infection. With fewer white blood cells, you may get infections more easily.

Symptoms of an infection can include:

fever
body aches
tiredness
Call your doctor if any of these symptoms occur suddenly or seem to get worse.

Decreased growth in children

Ribavirin can cause decreased growth in children who take it. This means they may grow less and gain less weight than their peers. This effect can occur when your child uses ribavirin with the drug interferon.

Symptoms can include:

a slower rate of growth compared to what is expected for the child’s age
a slower rate of weight increase compared to what is expected for the child’s age
Your child’s doctor should monitor your child’s growth during their treatment and until the end of certain growth phases. Your child’s doctor can tell you more.

Breastfeeding effects

It’s not known if ribavirin passes into breast milk to a child who is breastfed. If you breastfeed your child, talk with your doctor. You’ll likely need to stop breastfeeding or avoid using ribavirin.

ABOUT RIBAVIRIN
More about ribavirin

Ribavirin has been used for many years to treat hepatitis C. It’s always used in combination with at least one other drug. Until recently, treatments for hepatitis C centered around ribavirin and another drug called interferon (Pegasys, Pegintron). Today, ribavirin may be used with newer hepatitis C drugs, such as Harvoni or Viekira Pak.

Forms

Ribavirin comes in the forms of a tablet, capsule, or liquid solution. You take these forms by mouth. All forms are available as brand-name drugs, which include Copegus, Rebetol, and Virazole. Your doctor can give you a full list of current brand-name versions. The tablet and capsule are also available in generic forms.

How ribavirin works

Ribavirin doesn’t cure hepatitis C, but it does help prevent severe effects from the disease. These effects include liver disease, liver failure, and liver cancer. Ribavirin also helps reduce the symptoms of hepatitis C infection.

Ribavirin may work by:

Reducing the number of hepatitis C virus cells in your body. This can help reduce your symptoms.
Increasing the number of gene mutations (changes) in the virus. These increased mutations can weaken the virus.
Stopping one of the processes that help the virus make copies of itself. This helps slow the spread of hepatitis C in your body.

SEW

To determine the amount of fabric needed, we look for the one with the highest measurement, the hip is 37, we put some seam allowance into consideration.
Front bodice: I do use 1.5″ to 2″ (but let assume we use 2″ at each sides and since there are two sides(left and right) it sum up to 4″ for front bodice
Back bodice: (there will be zipper at the back) just like the front bodice, we add 4″ as seam allowance and 4″ as zipper allowance making 8″ in total.
Now let just add up, 4″ (front bodice) + 8″ (back bodice) = 12″
37+12 gives 49″ for the width
Now let check the lenght
35″ is the main lenght, we can add 2″ for hemming allowance making 35″+2″ = 37
Thus we cut out 49 by 37″

Fashion for short-waisted women

Women often are said to be either short-waisted or long-waisted. To figure out where your waist falls within your overall physique — your “waistedness” — follow these simple steps:

Measure the distance between your armpit and your waist.

Measure the distance between your waist and the bottom of your bum.

Compare the measurements.

If the two measurements aren’t equal, you’re either short- or long-waisted: If the first measurement is shorter, you’re short-waisted. If the second measurement is shorter, you’re long-waisted.

The right fashion for short-waisted women
Maintaining balance is one important key to flattering your figure and dressing for your body type. If you’re short-waisted, you’re going to look out of balance with a top half that appears smaller than your bottom half. Finding ways to make your top half look proportionate to your bottom half, by making your waist appear longer, helps you achieve balance.
Try a top with vertical lines. These lines give the illusion that your top half is longer than it is. The stripes can be as subtle as a pinstripe blouse — anything that keeps the eye moving up and down right over your waist works.
Wear tops that you can leave untucked. This is another way of hiding where your waist actually is.
A deep V-neck draws the focus upwards and away from your waist (this is a little tip that works for everyone — not just short-waisted women).

Sewing Machine Needles

Machine needles are selected according to the weight and features of the fabric as well as the thread that are use in garment construction.
A needle should be fine enough to penetrate through the fabric without any damages done to the fabric in question and doesn’t damage the thread.
Needles come in different sizes
Regular sharp needles: ideal for mostly woven fabrics due to its ability to produce even stitching with minimum puckering.

Ball point needle: slightly rounded tip recommended for knit fabrics and stretch fabrics as the needle pushes between the fabrics instead of piercing them.. (in sizes 9-16)

Wedge point needle: this needle has been specifically designed for leather and vinyl

Needles should be chosen with great care for each fabric because not all needles can see all fabrics.
Care should be taken to prevent the needle from being damages. A blunt isn’t fit to sew.